Interesting cities in Peru
Lima is the capital of Peru and is the second-largest city in South America. It is the leading industrial, financial, and retail centre in the nation. With nearly 30 per cent of the country’s population, the city dictates the national economy and accounts for more than two-thirds of the nation’s gross domestic product. Callao, the 120-acre port municipality, serves as a regional hub for Lima’s cargo industry, the largest in South America. Most of the country’s imports and exports and the fishing industry centre on Callao. Notable exports include minerals such as gold, silver, zinc and copper; textiles including cotton, clothing and alpaca and llama wool; agricultural products like sugar, coffee, cacao, fruits and vegetables; and chemicals, oil, steel and fish meal.
Arequipa is the second most industrialised and commercialised city in the country. The city’s economy mainly relies on the manufacturing and export industries, producing goods related to the primary sectors, in particular textiles and agriculture. The city has strong trading ties with Chile, Bolivia, and Brazil, and domestically is an important connection between the coast and the Andes. Mining is also a big contributor to the economy, with the large-scale Cerro Verde mine nearby, among others.
Trujillo is the largest city in northern Peru and it’s economy mainly relies on the following sectors: agriculture, construction, tourism, leather production, and trade. Agriculture has traditionally been an important industry for the city, and this continues today. The fertile land around the city, irrigated by the Moche river, produces sugarcane, asparagus, and rice. Peru is the world’s leading exporter of asparagus, with most of it coming from the farms surrounding Trujillo. Much of the manufacturing industry is focused on agri-food, processing agricultural products for resale and export.
Due to the number of tourists visiting the city each year, Trujillo has developed rapidly over the years, both in terms of real estate and other infrastructure to service the influx of people. The construction industry is expanding with ongoing opportunities for engineers, contractors, and architects with the right experience.